VW bug 1936 - The Volkswagen Type 1, broadly accepted as the Volkswagen Beetle and Volkswagen Bug, is an abridgement car produced by the German auto maker Volkswagen (VW) from 1938 until 2003. With over 21 actor bogus in an air-cooled, rear-engined, rear-wheel drive configuration, the Beetle is the longest-running and most-manufactured auto of a distinct architecture belvedere anywhere in the world.
STUTTGART : June 16, 2009 - Seventy-Five Years Ago: Porsche Receives the Order to Assemble the Volkswagen on June 22, 1934 was not alone one of the best important canicule in the aboriginal accumulated history of the Company now accepted the apple over as Dr. Ing. h. c. F. Porsche AG, Stuttgart, but additionally the day that afflicted the history of the absolute automotive industry: It was on that day that “Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche GmbH, Konstruktionen und Beratung für Motoren- und Fahrzeugbau” accustomed the ambitious from the “Reichsverband der Automobilindustrie (RDA)” (the Association of the German Reich of the Automotive Industry) to assemble and body the Volkswagen.
1936 Volkswagen Beetle picture 1
1936 Volkswagen Beetle picture 2
1936 Volkswagen Beetle picture 3
After construction of three further Volkswagen prototypes code-named V3 had started in February 1936, resistance to the project began to build up in the RDA. Quite simply because, with its central tube frame, the torsion bar suspension invented by Porsche and the air-cooled four-cylinder boxer engine at the rear, the Volkswagen was now seen – and feared – as a serious competitor to existing models. A further series of 30 prototypes (VW30) was nevertheless built in 1937 by the then Daimler-Benz AG and tested in a large-scale trial covering a total of 2.4 million test kilometres.
Contrary to the first idea to build the Volkswagen in a joint venture of German car makers, the Reich Government decided on 4 July 1936 to build a separate plant for the new car, the Volkswagenwerk. So the “Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mbH” or “Gezuvor” for short (the “Company for Preparation of Deutsche Volkswagen Ltd”) was established on 28 May 1937.
As one of the three managing directors of Gezuvor, Ferdinand Porsche received the official order for the technical development and planning of the future production plant, with construction work starting in May 1938 in the small town of Fallersleben, now Wolfsburg.
On two study trips to the USA, Ferdinand Porsche gained the latest know-how on modern automobile production and the rules to be observed in the production pro-cess.
By the second half of 1938 the prototypes, now having reached the level of VW38, had achieved a point in the development process hardly different from the subsequent production model. So now potential purchasers were able to save five reichsmarks a week for the Volkswagen in the meantime re-christened as the “KdF-Wagen” forming part of the German Reich’s “Kraft durch Freude” or “Strength through Happiness” strategy.
Priced at an extremely low 990.- reichsmarks, the Volkswagen was really to be everybody’s car, easily affordable for the average purchaser. But due to the War not one of the roughly 340,000 investors reached his savings target and not one single Volkswagen was delivered to a private customer.
Starting in 1939 Porsche developed further variants of the Volkswagen parallel to the “KdF-Wagen“ which were however intended for military use. Indeed, more than 60,000 of the jeep-like Kübelwagen, the amphibian Schwimmwagen, and the higher-ranking Kommandeurwagen (the commander’s car), some of which featured all-wheel drive, were built by the end of World War II.
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